In many countries of the world, the number of wildlife is decreasing every year. Also some species of animals will become extinct. India is no exception to this. There are many species of animals in the country.
Wildlife Protection: In many countries of the world, the number of wildlife is decreasing every year. Also some species of animals will become extinct. India is no exception to this. In the process of extinction of many species of animals in the country, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given high priority to the conservation of wild animals after coming to power. This is giving positive results. Since 2014, the forest area in the country has increased due to the measures taken by the central government. The area of wildlife sanctuary has also increased. In 2014, only 4.90% of the country’s geographical area was protected by wildlife, but now the area of protected wildlife areas has increased to 5.03%. In 2014, there were 740 wildlife sanctuaries in the country with an area of 1,61,081.62 sq. km. Currently, the number of wildlife sanctuaries has increased to 981 with an area of 1,71,921 sq. km.
In the last four years, the area of forests and trees has increased by 16,000 square kilometers in the country. India is one of the countries in the world whose forest area is steadily increasing. In 2014, the number of community reserves was only 43. By 2019, their number has increased to more than a hundred. While there are 52 tiger conservation centers in 18 states of the country covering an area of about 75,000 sq. km.. The central government is taking special measures for the conservation of tigers. As a part of this, the budget allocation for tiger conservation has increased. In 2014, the budget allocation for tiger conservation was Rs. 185 crore. In 2022, this allocation has increased to Rs. 300 crore.
Currently there are 12,852 leopards in the country. In 2014, their number was only 7910. Currently, the population of leopards is 60 percent more than in 2014. On the other hand, due to the measures taken by the central government to protect wild animals, Cheetahs, a type of rare wild animal among leopards, entered India after 74 years. A special flight with 8 cheetahs departed from Windhoek, Namibia and landed in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh on the morning of September 17. Leopards of this rare species are kept in Kuno National Park. In 952, the government of India declared that the Cheetahs were extinct. In this context, as a result of the efforts of wildlife guardians and the initiative of the central government, 8 cheetahs have now been brought to India from Namibia.
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